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Yizkor

Yizkor is a special memorial prayer which is said in a synagogue four times per year: the last day of Passover, the second day of Shavuot, Shmini Atseret and Yom Kipur.

Yizkor in Hebrew means "Remember". This is not only the first word in the prayer but also its key point. In this prayer we ask G-d to remember souls of our relatives and friends who aren't with us.

When we read Yizkor, we strengthen our connection with our loved one, we increase their merits and we lift their souls on a new level.

The main part of the prayer Yizkor is our promise to give a tzdaka after Yom Tov in honor of the dead person. We carry out mitzva in this physical world by giving tzdaka, and this is the thing which dead person can't do any more.

Soul receives an additional merit because while remembering it relatives can undertake the liability to carry out good deeds.

Those who parents are alive shall leave a synagogue during reading the prayer Yizkor. The person who is in mourning within the first year stays in a synagogue, but doesn't read Yizkor. There is a custom to light a daily candle before day of reading Yizkor.

In addition to the prayer Yizkor for the parents, one can read Yizkor for any Jew whose soul is in the other world, including relatives and friends.

When reading Yizkor for more than one person, repeat all the prayer for every person and replace the words "my father" or "my mother", with the corresponding word - for husband: "My husband", for the son: "My son" etc.


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The text of the prayer Yizkor

Yizkor ashkenazi transliteration for Father

Yizkor E-lohim Nishmas aboh mori (Name of the Deceased ben Name of his Mother)
She-holach l’olomo, Ba-avur sheb’li neder
Etayn tz’dokoh ba-ado. Bis-char ze
T’hay nafsho tz’rurah Bitz-ror hacha-yim
Im nish-mas Avrohom, Yitzchok v’Yaakov,
Sarah, Rivkah, Rochel v’Lay-oh,
V’im sh’ar tzadikim v’tzidkoniyos
Sheb’Gan ayden.
V’noimar: Omayn

Yizkor ashkenazi transliteration for Mother

Yizkor E-lohim Nishmas imi morosi (Name of the Deceased bas Name of her Mother)
She-holha l’olomoh, Ba-avur sheb’li neder
Etayn tz’dokoh ba-adoh. Bis-char ze
T’hay nafshoh tz’rurah Bitz-ror hacha-yim
Im nish-mas Avrohom, Yitzchok v’Yaakov,
Sarah, Rivkah, Rochel v’Lay-oh,
V’im sh’ar tzadikim v’tzidkoniyos
Sheb’Gan ayden.
V’noimar: Omayn

Yizkor sephardic transliteration for Father

Yizkor E-lohim Nishmat avi mori (Name of the Deceased ben Name of his Mother)
She-halach l’olamo, Ba-avur sheb’li neder
Etayn tz’dakah ba-ado.
Bis-char ze T’hay nafsho tz’rurah Bitz-ror
hacha-yim Im nish-mot
Avraham, Yitzchak v’Yaakov,
Sarah, Rivkah, Rachel v’Lay-ah,
V’im sh’ar tzadikim v’tzidkaniyot
Sheb’Gan Eden.
V’nomar: Amayn

Yizkor sephardic transliteration for Mother

Yizkor E-lohim Nishmat imi morati (Name of the Deceased bas Name of her Mother)
She-halha l’olamoh, Ba-avur sheb’li neder
Etayn tz’dakah ba-adoh.
Bis-char ze T’hay nafshoh tz’rurah Bitz-ror
hacha-yim Im nish-mat
Avraham, Yitzchak v’Yaakov,
Sarah, Rivkah, Rachel v’Lay-ah,
V’im sh’ar tzadikim v’tzidkaniyot
Sheb’Gan Eden.
V’nomar: Amayn

Translation

May the L-rd remember
the soul of my father, my teacher, (reference to deceased father)
who has gone on to his world,
because, without making a vow, I shall give to charity on his behalf.
As reward for this,
may his soul be bound in the Bond of Life,
together with the souls of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob;
Sarah, Rebecca, Rachel, and Leah;
and together with the other righteous men and women in the Garden of Eden

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English translation of kaddish

Glorified and sanctified be God’s great name throughout the world
which He has created according to His will.
May He establish His kingdom sprout His redemption
and hasten the arrival of His anointed one.
In your lifetime and during your days,
and within the life of the entire House of Israel,
speedily and soon; and say, Amen.
May His great name be blessed forever and to all eternity.
Blessed and praised, glorified and exalted, extolled and honored,
adored and lauded be the name of the Holy One, blessed be He,
beyond all the blessings and hymns, praises and consolations that
are ever spoken in the world; and say, Amen.
May there be abundant peace from heaven, and life, for us
and for all Israel; and say, Amen.
He who creates peace in His celestial heights,
may He create peace for us and for all Israel;
and say, Amen.

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Kaddish transliteration sephardic

Yitgadal v’yitkadash sh’mei raba.(Amen)
B’alma di-v’ra chirutei, v’yamlich malchutei
veyatsmah pukone vikarev meshihe. (Amen)
B’chayeichon uvyomeichon uvchayei d’chol beit yisrael,
ba’agala uvizman kariv, v’im’ru: “amen.” (Amen).
Y’hei sh’mei raba m’varach l’alam ul’almei almaya.
Yitbarach v’yishtabach, v’yitpa’ar v’yitromam
v’yitnaseh, v’yithadar v’yit’aleh v’yit’halal sh’mei
d’kud’sha, b’rich hu. (Amen)
L’eila min-kol-birchata v’shirata, tushb’chata
v’nechemata da’amiran b’alma, v’im’ru: “amen.” (Amen)
Y’hei shlama raba min-sh’maya v’chayim aleinu
v’al-kol-yisrael, v’im’ru: “amen.” (Amen).
Oseh shalom bimromav, hu ya’aseh shalom aleinu
v’al kol-yisrael, v’imru: “amen.” (Amen)

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Kaddish text in Hebrew

יִתְגַּדַּל וְיִתְקַדַּשׁ שְׁמֵהּ רַבָּא. אמן
בְּעָלְמָא דִי בְרָא כִרְעוּתֵהּ וְיַמְלִיךְ מַלְכוּתֵהּ וְיַצְמַח פּוּרְקָנֵהּ וִיקָרֵב מְשִׁיחֵהּ. אמן
בְּחַיֵיכוֹן וּבְיוֹמֵיכוֹן וּבְחַיֵי דְּכָל בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל, בַּעֲגַלָא וּבִזְמַן קָרִיב וְאִמְרוּ אָמֵן
יְהֵא שְׁמֵהּ רַבָּא מְבָרַךְ לְעָלַם וּלְעָלְמֵי עָלְמַיָא יִתְבָּרַךְ וְיִשְׁתַּבַּח וְיִתְפָּאַר וְיִתְרוֹמַם וְיִתְנַשֵּׂא וְיִתְהַדָּר וְיִתְעַלֶּה וְיִתְהַלָּל , שְׁמֵהּ דְּקוּדְשָׁא בְּרִיךְ הוּא. אמן
לְעֵלָא מִן כָּל בִּרְכָתָא וְשִׁירָתָא, תֻּשְׁבְּחָתָא וְנֶחָמָתָא, דַאֲמִירָן בְּעָלְמָא, וְאִמְרוּ אָמֵן
יְהֵא שְׁלָמָא רַבָּא מִן שְׁמַיָּא וְחַיִּים עָלֵינוּ וְעַל כָּל יִשְׂרָאֵל, וְאִמְרוּ אָמֵן
עוֹשֶׂה שָׁלוֹם בִּמְרוֹמָיו הוּא יַעֲשֶׂה שָׁלוֹם עָלֵינוּ וְעַל כָּל יִשְׂרָאֵל, וְאִמְרוּ אָמֵן

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What is Yahrzeit

Yahrzeit is the anniversary of passing. The word yahrzeit (anniversary) comes from the Yiddish language (Yahr is the year, Zeit –time, or”Yom ha Shana” in Hebrew). A special commemorative procedure on the parents’ death anniversary is discussed in the Talmud. The deceased is remembered this day, tribute is paid to him, and close relative and friends meditate on the essence of the life of the deceased.

Yahrzeit is a special time for the soul of the deceased. It has a particularly strong connection with living relatives on this day. And it is important for the soul to be remembered.

Yahrzeit customs

  1. It is a custom to receive an Aliya (calling up to the Torah) on the Saturday preceding the yahrzeit. If the yahrzeit falls on one of the days when the Torah is read, it’s customary to receive an Aliya this day as well.
  2. The evening before the onset of the yahrzeit, it’s customary to light a 24- hour candle (yahrzeit candle, yahrzeit memorial candle). It’s preferable to use a wax candle, but one may use any other candle if it’s not available. yahrzeit prayer
  3. Kaddish is the main yahrzeit prayer read at the conclusion of Maariv, Shacharis and Mincha prayer services. Kaddish is a prayer recited for the deceased. It praises the Almighty and it is very important for one to read it for one’s deceased parents, siblings, or spouse.
  4. On yahrzeit, it’s customary to give more money to tzedakah, compared to other days, as it is a great benefit to the soul of the deceased. Moreover, it was customary to fast on the yahrzeit, so additional tzedakah is like buying out of this fast day, which is not observed today If a yahrzeit day is a Saturday, more money is given to tzedaka on Friday.
  5. It’s customary to visit the grave of the deceased on the yahrzeit, to read Psalms (number 33, 16, 17, 72, 91, 104, 130) and recite Kaddish there. If the yahrzeit falls on Saturday, you can go to the cemetery either on Friday until noon, or Sunday.
  6. It’s customary to set up a kosher buffet for family and friends for the elevation of the soul of the deceased. You can also set the buffet for members of the community.

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Mourner’s kaddish audio

In order for you to practice correctly to recite kaddish, we have prepared for you kaddish audio for sephardic and ashkenazi pronunciation.

Reads Yakov Goldstein

Kaddish Yatom Sfaradic

Kaddish Yatom Ashkenaz

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Meaning of Purpose of the Kaddish Prayer

Text of Kaddish Prayer in Loshen Koydesh

Kaddish Yatom is a prayer that is read for a diseased person. It means "sanctification" in Aramaic. The primary meaning of this prayer is that a person recognizes, celebrates and blesses the just power of the Almighty, and praise all acts of the Creator despite his (or her) loss of a loved one.

Mystical significance of a Kaddish Prayer.

According to the Jewish tradition, a soul is being cleansed after death of its body. A soul is lowered into gehinnom to be cleansed off the sins stuck to it throughout the material life. As it is written in our holy books, the maximum period that a soul stays there is 11 months. This is just the very time when we read the Kaddish Prayer for the soul.

It is written in the Talmud Shabbat, page 119b that a mystical power of the Kadish Prayer may change the sentence of the heavenly court.

A duty of Kadish prayer reading falls on a son (or a spouse). And according to our traditions it is extremely important for the son to read the Kaddish prayer. But if he can not read the Kaddish during 3 daily prayers, he has to read whenever he can. And in addition, he should order Kadish prayer.

If no one can read Kaddish Prayer, you can order reading of the Kaddish online.

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Kaddish transliteration ashkenaz

Yisgadal v’yiskadash sh’mei rabo.(Omein)
B’olmo di-v’ro chirusei, v’yamlich malchusei
veyatsmah purkonei vikoreiv meshihei. (Omein)
B’chayeichon uvyoimeichon uvchayei d’chol beiis yisroel,
ba’agolo uvizman koriv, v’im’ru: “Omein.” (Omein).
Y’hei sh’mei rabo mevorach l’oilom ul’olmei olmayo.
Yisboreich v’yishtabach, v’yitpo’eir v’yisromom
v’yisnasei, v’yishador v’yis’aleh v’yis’halol sh’mei
d’kud’sha, b’rich hu. (Omein)
L’eilo min-kol-birchoso v’shiroso, tushbechoso
venechemoso da’amiron beolmo, veim’ru: “Omein.” (Omein)
Y’hei shlomo rabo min sh’mayo v’chayim toivim oleinu
v’al-kol-yisroel, v’im’ru: “Omein.” (Omein).
Oseh sholoim bimromov, hu ya’aseh sholoim oleinu
v’al kol-yisroel, v’imru: “Omein.” (Omein)

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